Why GDPR means Smart Cities need to move on from an ‘Open Data’ approach
Data Privacy and Security

Why GDPR means Smart Cities need to move on from an ‘Open Data’ approach

The EU’s incoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force from 25th May 2018. The legislation covers a wide range of issues - mostly centered around personal privacy – with much of the focus being on personally identifiable information and the right to be forgotten.

The legislation comes at a time when cities across the world are looking to embrace the Internet of Things (IoT) and combine it with massive amounts of data to deliver efficient and automated services – generally known as Smart Cities – there is a massive potential for the two to cross paths.

What does GDPR mean for the way Smart City initiatives use data? And how can the hundreds of Smart City project within the EU and across the world provide data-driven services while remaining compliant?

 

Smart cities & GDPR

According to IoT Analytics research of 1,600 publicly announced IoT case studies, nearly a quarter are Smart City-based, with nearly half of those based within Europe. Over 70% of people in Europe live in an urban area. And given that over 240 of European cities with populations of over 100,000 were running Smart City projects back in 2014, it’s clear the massive numbers of citizens – and their personal data – that could be involved. And that’s before you start to think about EU citizens in cities abroad and the potential for cities across the world to fall foul of the legislation.